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Urticaria (Hives)

  • Posted on- Feb 23, 2017
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Urticaria is a skin problem triggered by reaction to food, medicine or allergic to any other thing. Urticaria leads to red, itchy, and swollen skin. This disease is also known as Hives. Hives formed due to allergy, changes size rapidly and often move around, in different parts of the body. This skin disorder is normally stimulated due to environmental factors like cold, heat or sunlight. Besides, itching, hives may also create the sensation of burn on your skin. Hives vary in size and appear mainly on neck, ear, face, and they can last from a few hours or up to one day.

Causes of Urticaria

  • When allergy strikes, blood plasma and histamine dribbles out of tiny blood cells present in the skin. Histamine is a compound divulged by the cells in response to allergic reactions causing stiffness of the muscle, itchiness and inflammation.
  • Different infections such as tract, hepatitis, fungal and mononucleosis. Lupus, rheumatoid arthritis and thyroid can also cause hives to appear.
  • Pressure Uriticaria can also be caused due to pressure from belts, elastic and straps.
  • Hives may also appear because of swimming, exercising, taking hot showers, stress, friction and pregnancy.


Symptoms

Various itchy and swelled hives may combine to form one big rash. Hives are mostly raised and inflamed from the centre. It is advised to consult a dermatologist if any of the following signs and symptoms persists.

  • Severe Itching
  • Batches on face, arms, legs or shoulder
  • Burning sensation around the cheeks, hands, eye, lips, feet and genitals
  • Welts of different sizes
  • Tightness in chest
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Tongue or throat swelling
  • Blanching of skin

Some triggers of Chronic Hives

  • Latex
  • Blood Transfusion
  • Pollen
  • Exposure to cold, heat or sun
  • Antibiotics
  • Nuts, eggs and peanuts
  • Insect bites

Diagnosis of Urticaria (Hives)

Your doctor will try to find out the root cause of hive allergy, by inquiring, when the rash appeared or anything unusual done by you before the occurrence of rashes and may ask you to make a note of your daily medication, food, or activities that may trigger hives. Apart from this, he or she may perform blood tests or allergy test to determine the cause of your rashes.


Treatment

There is no permanent cure for allergy. An allergy once developed cannot be ended whenever a person is exposed to allergic substance hives will start to reappear. Therefore, the best way to treat your problem of hives is to avoid your triggers.  If hives still occur even by avoiding triggers, your doctor may also prescribe you some medicines such as- 

Easy steps to prevent the problem of hives

  • Work and sleep in cool temperature
  • Wear loose fitting clothes
  • Apply icepacks to affected area

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