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Cardiovascular Disease

  • Posted on- Feb 22, 2017
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Cardiovascular disease in simple terms can be defined as diseases related to the heart or blood vessels. The cardiovascular system of the body is responsible for the transportation of blood throughout the body. The cardiovascular system is also known as the circulatory system. The main elements of cardiovascular system are the heart, veins, arteries, and blood capillaries. If, any of the elements of the cardiovascular system is not able to perform its function properly, the cardiovascular disease occurs. The failure of the cardiovascular system can result in instant death.

The most common types of cardiovascular disease

Coronary Artery Disease


Coronary Artery Disease is an artery disease occurs when arteries that supply blood become narrow due the buildup of plaque. This buildup of plaque is known as atherosclerosis.

High Blood Pressure

High blood pressure
is also known as Hypertension is a condition in which the impact of the blood against the artery wall is too high.

Cardiac Arrest

A cardiac arrest is the condition when the heart suddenly stops to function. When the heart stops beating the transportation of oxygen rich blood is stopped resulting in unconsciousness.

Stroke

A stroke happens when the supply of the blood to the brain is interrupted due to which cells in the brain start to die immediately.

Causes of Cardiovascular disease

The most common behind the cardiovascular disease is the development of plaque in the arteries and blood vessels that led to the heart. Other common factors related to Cardiovascular disease are:


Symptoms

If these symptoms are ignored and not treated in their earlier stage, they may result in serious complications in the future. Some major symptoms of Cardiovascular disease:


Diagnosis of Cardiovascular disease

The diagnosis of the cardiovascular disease depends upon the patient’s heart condition. Besides a physical examination and asking about your medical history, a cardiologist is likely to perform some diagnostic test.

Electrocardiogram (ECG)

ECG records the electrical activity of the heart. It detects the abnormal pattern of your heartbeat. It checks if all the heart valves are working properly or not.


Magnetic resource imaging (MRI) of heart

A Cardiac MRI creates the still and moving picture of the heart and other major blood vessels.


Computerised Tomography (CT) Scan

A CT scan of heart is an imaging method that creates a detailed picture of heart and its blood vessels. CT scan uses x-rays to create pictures of circulatory system.


Blood Test

The blood test is done to check the level of level of cholesterol, fats, sugar, and protein in your blood. Increase in the amount of any unhealthy element in your blood increases the risk of heart disease.


Treatment

The best way to prevent the risk of cardiovascular disease is to adopt a healthy lifestyle. However, if a person is already diagnosed with a cardiovascular disease, the combination of medicines and surgery is used to bring back their life on track.

Medicines

  • Calcium channel blockers
  • Blood cholesterol lowering agents
  • Nitrates
  • Anti platelet
  • Beta Blockers

Surgeries

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