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causes of Vascular Disease, treatment of Vascular Disease, symptoms of Vascular Disease

Vascular Disease

  • Posted on- Feb 21, 2017
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Diseases related to the blood vessels are known as vascular diseases. There are three types of blood vessels: arteries, veins, and blood capillaries. Blood vessels are responsible for transporting blood throughout the body and back to the heart. When there is, a disruption in the flow of blood vascular diseases occurs. Vascular diseases are more common in males than females.

Types of Vascular Disease

Peripheral vascular disease-
When, the blood vessels outside your brain become narrow or blocked due to the buildup of plaque in the peripheral arteries and veins.

Coronary vascular disease- The coronary vascular disease causes the arteries to narrow or block, reducing the flow of blood to the heart.

Renal Artery disease- When the supply of blood to the kidneys is restricted due to the build of plaque.

Buerger’s disease- This disease affects the tiny blood vessels that supply blood to the fingers and toes. 

Claudication– Buildup of plaque in the arteries that supply blood to the legs.


Symptoms

A patient with vascular disease may feel mild symptoms or no symptoms. However, symptoms of vascular disease develop slowly and occasionally. You can consult a general physician, if you feel any of these symptoms. Depending upon the severity of your symptoms, your doctor may refer to a cardiologist.

  • Extreme pain in legs and thighs
  • Weakness
  • Slow healing of wounds
  • Loss of hair on leg
  • Frequent numbness and swelling in arms and leg muscles
  • Dizziness
  • Fatigue
  • Heavy breathing
  • Nausea
  • Sweating even in the cool room

Risk factors

Various risk factors contribute in the development of vascular diseases. If, early symptoms are, detected and treated properly, the risk of developing a severe vascular disease can be minimised.

Complications of Vascular disease

If, vascular diseases are left untreated, it may lead to severe complications, making other dangerous diseases inevitable. Complications associated with vascular disease are: 


Diagnosis of vascular disease

Diagnosis of vascular disease helps to determine the type of vascular disease and its severity. Your treatment of vascular disease depends on your diagnosis. Beside from oral sitting with the doctor and telling him about your medical history and symptoms you experience, a doctor will also consider diagnostic tests to make conditions more clear. These diagnostic tests include: 
  • Blood test
  • MRA
  • CT Scan
  • Angiography
  • Ankle Brachial Index (ABI)
  • MRI


Treatment

The main aim of the treatment of vascular disease is to stop the disease from developing further and to relieve you from its painful symptoms. If vascular disease is not severe, it can be easily combated with changes in lifestyle. However, if lifestyle changes are not enough, a combination of medicines and surgery is used to treat the vascular disease.

Lifestyle Changes


Medicinal Treatment

  • High blood pressure medicines
  • Diabetes control medicines
  • Medicine to prevent blood clots
  • Pain reliving medicine

Surgery Procedures

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