Nephrotic Syndrome is a kidney disorder, when filters present in the kidney drips large amount of protein from the blood into the urine leading to the shortage of protein level in your body. Leakage of high amount of protein into the urine causes low protein levels in the blood resulting in swelling of kidney tissue. Due to this disease, gromeruli present in the kidney is not able to perform its function of filtering the toxins and waste products. Nephrotic Syndrome also causes swelling around the eyes, hand and feet, as well as high level of cholesterol. Although, people of any age can be affected by this kidney disorder, but children aged between 18 months to four years are at a greater risk. There are more male patients with this syndrome than females.
Causes of Nephrotic Syndrome
Nephrotic Syndrome is the result of different kidney disorders. Minimal change disease is the most common cause of Nephrotic Syndrome among children and membranous glomerulonephritis is the most common cause among adults. This syndrome can also occur from:
Proteinurias, Edema, Hypercholesterolemia, Hypoalbuminemia, are four main symptoms of related to this disorder. Other symptoms of Nephrotic Syndrome may include:
Diagnosis of Nephrotic Syndrome
A reference for kidney specialist often known as, Nephrologist
, is needed for diagnosing Nephrotic Syndrome. Tests and procedures done to diagnose Nephrotic Syndrome are:
- Urine test- A urine test is done to uncover the abnormalities in your urine, like large amount of proteins in your urine.
- Blood test- A blood test is done to know the level of protein in your blood.
- Kidney Biopsy- Kidney biopsy is a procedure in which a sample of tissue is removed from the kidney with a needle and is observed under a microscope.
The aim of the treatment of Nephrotic Syndrome is to ease the patient from the symptoms of this disease, prevent further complications and slow down the process of kidney damage or failure. Low salt diet, medication, and surgery are the possible ways available for the treatment of Nephrotic syndrome.
Medicinal Treatment for Nephrotic Syndrome
- Taking inhibitors and receptors like Angiotensin converting enzyme and Angiotensin receptor blockers, to keep your blood pressure under control.
- Cyclophosphamide, cyclosporine may also be given to influence the remission in Nephrotic Syndrome.
- Doctor may also recommend corticosteroid, vitamin D supplements, and other drugs to suppress the ill effects of the immune system.