Cirrhosis of the Liver

  • Posted on- Jul 22, 2016

Just above the right upper abdomen, under the right lung is the largest internal organ of the body located. This organ is none other than the multi-functional liver. The liver is one organ that can perform multiple tasks in one time. The liver can produce cholesterol, make proteins, store and release glucose in form of energy, eliminate waste from the body and metabolise various toxins and medications in the body system. If that's not enough, liver function also includes production of bile through ducts and releasing it into the intestine, helping in digestion of food. And what makes this organ totally unique is its ability to regenerate itself when it is damaged or partially removed. However, with years of abuse especially in cases of alcoholics, the liver finally gives up. It can develop a condition called cirrhosis and cease some of its normal functions leading to havoc within the body.

What do we understand with cirrhosis?

The progressive scarring of the tissue in the liver that leads to scars on the normal tissues is called cirrhosis of the liver. This permanent damage or scarring of the liver leads to blockage of blood flow within the liver. The liver becomes distorted in shape, hardens and forms lumps. The blockage prevent the normal functioning of the liver like metabolism and regulation process leading to different health problems.

What are the causes of liver cirrhosis?

There are several liver cirrhosis causes that include either of the following:

  • Chronic alcoholism
  • Chronic viral infection by Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C and D
  • Wilson's disease (abnormal storage of copper)
  • Hemochromatosis (abnormal storage of iron)
  • Cystic fibrosis
  • Autoimmune hepatitis
  • Blocked bile ducts
  • Toxic hepatitis caused by reaction to medications and toxins
  • Alpha - 1 - antitrypsin deficiency
  • Galactosemia and glycogen storage disorders
  • Chronic heart failure with liver congestion
  • Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease
  • Cryptogenic cirrhosis


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