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Appendicitis

  • Posted on- Jun 30, 2016
  • 242 Views

Appendix is a small, sac-like structure that is found attached to the right side of the colon or the large intestine. Its actual name is vermiform appendix, which means worm-like appendage. The exact function of the appendix is not known, however, its removal has not been found to cause any problem. A small amount of mucus is produced by the inner lining of the appendix, which empties into the large intestine. Appendicitis is caused by the inflammation of the appendix.

What are the causes of appendicitis?

The vermiform appendix can get inflamed due to several factors, like the blockage of the appendix, development of ulcers, and bacterial infections. Sometimes, food or wastes (faeces) can enter the appendix and block it. Even swelling of the lymphatic tissues present on the wall of the appendix can cause a blockage.

The blockage creates a favourable condition for bacterial growth leading to an infection and the consequent inflammation. Apart from bacteria, fungi, viruses, and parasites can also be responsible for causing infections. An infection causes the appendix to inflame and get filled up with pus. Sometimes, inflammatory bowel diseases like Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis may be associated with an inflammation of the appendix.

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