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causes of Inflammatory Bowel Disease, treatment of Inflammatory Bowel Disease, symptoms of IBS

Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)

  • Posted on- Jun 15, 2016
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Inflammatory Bowel Disease or IBD in short, is a problem that occurs in the gastrointestinal tract, causing the intestines to inflame. Treatments given to patients with inflammatory bowel disease are likely to counter the effects of this disease from getting out of hand. We find out here, what kind of problems occurs in the digestive tract, causing one to experience this disease.

Causes of Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Inflammatory Bowel Disease can come about due to factors like unhealthy lifestyles, and improper ingesting of foods that aren't good for the system, ultimately hampering its functionality. Here you'll find the four main diseases that come about in the gastrointestinal tract, and where exactly each one takes place.

  • Microscopic Colitis: There are two kinds of microscopic colitis, 'collagenous colitis', and 'lymphocytic colitis'. These two problems aren't as damaging as ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease. The former problem, collagenous, takes place when protein builds up in the colon lining, causing it to inflame. The latter disease, that is lymphocytic, takes place in cells present between the linings of the colon, where white blood cells rapidly multiply within this space.
  • Pouchitis: In order to treat ulcerative colitis, a small part of the colon is removed, where the internal pouch that is placed within patients, experiences an inflammation. In order for waste to collect within the body not using an outside source to do this, doctors place two pouches inside patients called the 'Koch pouch' and the 'ileo-anal pouch' or 'J pouch' (ileal pouch-anal anastomosis). With these self-created pouches using the patient's intestine (small), waste is able to collect in it, as opposed to an external way of doing this. The lining of these two particular pouches can experience an inflammation.
  • Crohn's Disease: The inflammation of the digestive tract is what leads to this form of inflammatory bowel disease. It can occur in any part of the body related to the digestive system. It can appear in one's anal area or large intestine, and even in the oral cavity for that matter.
  • Ulcerative Colitis: An inflammation that takes place in the large intestine, leads up to what is called ulcerative colitis. The end of the colon which exits into the rectum is involved in this disease, and if restricted only to the rectum, is called 'ulcerative proctitis'.


Symptoms

The symptoms of the four diseases mentioned above showcase different signs that the body signals out to the person experiencing bowel problems. It is important to spot these immediately and seek medical attention without losing any time.

  • Diarrhoea is bloody. Sometimes diarrhoea can be extremely watery without the evidence of blood
  • Anaemia
  • Cramping and pain in the abdomen region
  • Perianal disease and fistulae problems take place
  • Bowel movements are frequent
  • Feverish
  • Colonic strictures inflame
  • Loss in weight
  • Bowel region ruptures
  • Appetite is considerably low
  • Ulcers present in the digestive tract start to bleed


Treatment

If caught on time, inflammatory bowel disease can be detected and treated effectively. There are certain medications that intervene during the inflammation process, therefore they aid in reducing the effects of the disease.

Anti TNF Agents


Immune Modifier

Antibiotics

Corticosteroids

Inflammatory Bowel Disease Diet and Health Care Tips

If the health tips are acted upon, you can help yourself during this time, where the body needs you to take care of it, and not further abuse it. Here's how you can help yourself, by changing certain lifestyle habits.
  • Eat foods high in fibre like fruits, vegetables, nuts, whole grain breads, and so on
  • Avoid aerated drinks and stay clear from gaseous foods like lentils, onions, or broccoli
  • Stop smoking while you go through an IBD, or your condition will only get out of hand
  • Exercise on a daily basis, and maintain your bodily movements during this time
  • Incorporate protein diet foods, like fish and meats
  • Include multivitamins in your diet, and fish oil capsules as well
  • Eat small meals at different times of the day, to regulate the functions of your bowel system continuously

Inflammatory bowel disease is not something one would want to experience in their life. It is better to make sure that what you put in your mouth is healthy and nutritious, and not go on a junk binge that will only come back to destroy the system.

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