Urethritis is a condition that affects the urinary organs of the human body. It is a condition prevalent in both men and women. It can be described as a condition during which the urethra gets inflamed. The urethra is the tube that carries urine and semen outside the body through the urinary organs. One of the main symptoms of Urethritis is experiencing a pain during urination, known as dysuria.
Causes of Urethritis
Urethritis is generally caused due to sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) like gonorrhoea and Chlamydia. It can also be caused by the transmission of bacteria like the herpes virus infection during unsafe sexual practices. However, the relation to these STDs and actual urethritis is not clear. They can also be caused by any infection of the urinary canal. The inflammation occurs due to the accumulation of the white blood corpuscles in the urinary tract.
Urethritis can also occur due to kidney stones, spinal cord injury or if the immune system is not up to its regular activities. Individuals with diabetes are more prone to have urinary tract infections, which may finally lead to urethritis.
Urethritis can also be caused by irritation due to soaps and lotions used. Ingredients used in contraceptive products are also a cause of the irritation. In rare cases, the condition can be caused due to the manipulation of the urethra during medical or other processes. This can be further complicated with a bacterial infection.
There are many types of urethritis and only some do require medical care. For example, urethritis arising from the use of a new soap or lotion does not need any medical attention. However, if the same occurs after a medical procedure, medical care is required.
Though urethritis in itself rarely requires immediate treatment, some of its symptoms may indicate that the infection has gone beyond the urinary tract. If any foreign object has been lodged into the urethra or the urinary tract, immediate medical attention is required. Such a situation can create an infection.
There are some medical tests that are used to diagnose urethritis. These tests include urine test, rectal test, blood Sample, swab from the urethra.
Potential complications associated with Urethritis
There are many potential complications associated with infections that originate and grow in the urethra. In some instances, the infection and inflammation experienced in the urethra may cause the space within this component of the urinary system to narrow drastically. Many individuals may also develop infections in the other components of the urinary system.
It is common for the bladder or the kidneys to become infected with the infection that started in the urethra. If you feel as if you have an infection in the urethra, you should visit your doctor for a complete evaluation. If a diagnosis is confirmed there are treatments available that will prevent potential complications such as those outlined here.