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Gingivitis

  • Posted on- Dec 16, 2015
  • 7191 Views

Gingivitis is a gum disease caused by bacterial infection of the tissues surrounding the gums and teeth. The growth of bacteria in these areas is mainly triggered by the lack of proper oral hygiene. The sugary and starchy components present in our food react with the bacteria present inside the mouth to form a soft, sticky, colourless film, known as plaque. Regular brushing and flossing helps to eliminate this plaque. In case it is not cleaned properly, it hardens to form tartar, which becomes a breeding ground for bacteria.

Hormonal changes
can also be responsible for gingivitis during pregnancy. Other factors that can contribute towards gingivitis are poor nutrition and side effects of medicines. Early signs of this disease are not painful, but as it progresses, the gums may hurt a lot.

Causes of Gingivitis

  • Aggressive tooth brushing
  • Blood disorders like leukaemia
  • Deficiency in vitamins especially Vitamin C
  • Dry mouth
  • Formation of plaque that can cause tooth decay and gum infection
  • Hormonal changes (especially during pregnancy, puberty, and menopause) which makes the blood tissues in the gums to be more vulnerable to bacterial infection
  • Incorrect dental prosthetic
  • Malocclusion (improper positioning of the upper and lower teeth when the jaw is closed)
  • Medications that can cause gum disease such as anti-seizure drugs
  • Mouth breathing that leaves the gums unprotected and can cause irritation and inflammation
  • Overlapping, crooked, or rotated teeth
  • Poor dental hygiene
  • Poor nutrition and eating habits that increase plaque formation
  • Stress that can cause damage to the immune system
  • Smoking or use of tobacco products
  • Reaction to oral contraceptives
  • Weakened circulation due to diabetes mellitus which affects the ability of the gums to heal

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