- Posted on- Dec 15, 2015
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Melasma is a skin condition that is associated with female hormones, and overexposure to sun rays. It is also known as chloasma, or the mask of pregnancy. Areas such as forehead, cheekbones and the upper lip are prone to developing melasma. However, it can also affect the chin, nose, sides of the neck and lower cheeks. It is an acquired condition, characterized by development of brown patches on the skin of the face and the neck. This condition is more common in women, than men. It generally occurs during the second or third trimester of pregnancy. Young women with brownish skin tones are more susceptible to this disorder. Although it is not a hazardous disease, it affects the appearance of a person, particularly making women, overtly self-conscious.
What are the causes of Melasma?
- Melasma is caused by a combination of hormonal, genetic and sun-related factors. It is usually associated with the female hormones. Research indicates that melasma is caused due to the over-production of melanocytes. Melanocytes are skin cells that secrete melanin a pigment responsible for lending colour to our skin. It is more commonly seen in young women taking contraceptive pills and also during pregnancy.
- Melasma is also found to be associated with hormonal imbalance, menopause and ovarian disorders. It may be triggered by a medication known as phenytoin or tetracycline.
- A prolonged exposure to sun is also responsible for developing melasma.
- Another cause of melasma could be the use of certain beauty products that may further stimulate the production of melanocytes.