Kluver-Bucy syndrome is a very rare cerebral neurological disorder associated with damage to both temporal lobes resulting in abnormalities in memory, social and sexual functioning and idiosyncratic behaviours. The syndrome affects males and females equally.
What causes Kluver-Bucy syndrome?
Kluver-Bucy syndrome in its complete adaptation seldom occur in humans, however partial infliction or presentation of this syndrome is caused by massive bilateral temporal damage attributable to herpes, degenerative disorders of the human brain like Pick’s disease and Alzheimer’s disease or cerebral-vascular diseases.
Individuals with Kluver-Bucy syndrome display the following behavioural manifestations:
Disorders related to Kluver-Bucy syndrome
- Acts of licking and touching that are unacceptable for public display
- Demonstrating excessive desire to engage in human sexual practices (hypersexuality)
- Engagement in binge-eating (excessive, uncontrollable over eating) with feelings of guilt and depression afterwards
- People suffering from Kluver-Bucy syndrome tend to be subjected to memory disorders consisting of short-term memory loss and other serious presentations of memory-related ailments
- Inability to recognize people
- Lack of fear reaction
- Patients of Kluver-Bucy syndrome may also exhibit presentations of flattened emotions (placidity) like rare and extreme feelings of calmness and undisturbed emotions
- Having some extent of difficulty in distinguishing and identifying some objects.
Symptoms of the following disorders can be similar to those of Kluver-Bucy syndrome:
- Pick disease, or front temporal dementia, is a very rare progressive neurological disease initially predominately affecting the frontal and temporal lobes of the brain. It is characterized by progressive deterioration of intellect with changes in behaviour and personality. The memory is usually intact in the early stages of the disease and there is less disorientation than in Alzheimer’s disease.
- Alzheimer’s disease is a common progressive disorder of the brain affecting memory, thought and language. Groups of nerve endings in the cortex of the brains of people with Alzheimer’s degenerate and disrupt the passage of electrochemical signals between the cells. Affected individuals become increasingly forgetful. As memory losses increase, personality, mood and behaviour also tend to change.
- Korsakoff’s syndrome is a deficiency of vitamin B-1 that leads to cardiovascular, central and peripheral nervous system disturbances. Early symptoms of Korsakoff’s syndrome include fatigue, irritation, poor memory, difficulty sleeping, chest pain, abdominal discomfort, poor appetite and constipation. Later symptoms are principally cardiovascular and neurological.
Treatment of Kluver-Bucy syndrome is supportive and psychotropic that may be effective for some of the associated symptoms.