Holmes Adie Syndrome
- Posted on- Oct 15, 2015
- 287 Views
Holmes-Adie Syndrome is a neurological disorder that affects the pupil of the eye and the autonomic nervous system. In Holmes-Adie Syndrome, the pupil of the affected eye is larger than the unaffected eye. The affected pupil constricts slowly when exposed to bright light. Patients with this disease also experience loss of deep tendon reflexes and excessive sweating. The symptoms of Holmes-Adie Syndrome may appear alone or along with other neurological disorders. Predominantly females between the ages of 20 and 40 seem to be affected by this eye disease.
Causes of Holmes-Adie Syndrome
Holmes-Adie Syndrome cannot be classified as an inherited disease barring few cases. The disease is caused by a viral or a bacterial infection. The infection causes damage to the postganglionic fibers of the eye. Some eye experts believe that Holmes-Adie Syndrome is an autoimmune disorder. The immune system of the body makes antibodies that in turn affect those specific optic nerves. Arteritis, alcoholism, and diabetes can also cause the disease.