Hi Guest                                                     

      
Senior Citizen Checkup (Male & Female)
Price Rs. 2575.00
Discount Rs. 772.50
Payable Rs.1802.50
Book Now
 
Comprehensive Wellness (Basic)
Price Rs. 3650.00
Discount Rs. 1095.00
Payable Rs.2555.00
Book Now
 
Vitamin Panel
Price Rs. 3245.00
Discount Rs. 973.50
Payable Rs.2271.50
Book Now
 
Learn more about diseases
Total Views: 114
Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (Mad Cow Disease)
Posted on Sep 29, 2015
Mad cow disease is a neurological disease in which certain abnormal proteins known as prions induce the formation of lesions/plaques in the brain tissue of the infected animal. This disease is as old as 300 years, when it was reported in sheep as 'scrapie'. Other than cows and sheep, this disease can infect cats, deer, and elk as well. However, the bad news is that the infection is not restricted only to animal species. Mad cow disease, in humans, is known as the variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD), or the new variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (nvCJD), and there is strong evidence that it is contracted by eating beef that came from infected cows.

Causes of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease
The classic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease was described in the 1920s by German neurologist Hans Gerhard Creutzfeldt and Alfons Maria Jakob, giving the disease its name. Although it is often called the mad cow disease in human beings, this is a wrong association. The mad cow disease which is also known as the bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), CJD, vCJD, and nvCJD are all types of transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (TSE), which is characterized by spongy appearance of the brain tissue of the infected organisms.

Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease can occur in three different ways. In over 80% of the cases, it occurs sporadically for no apparent reason. Almost 5% to 10% of the cases of CJD are hereditary, that are passed on as a result of gene mutation. A small percentage of classic CJD is contracted through contamination. Although some researchers dispute the role of the prion, till date, the prion theory is the most widely accepted cause of the TSE. However, greater characterization of this protein is required.

The disease in humans is believed to have been caused by consumption of infected cattle beef, carrying the agent of BSE. Besides the co-relation between the consumption of infected beef products, the fact that healthy cows when fed with tissue infected with BSE agent (prion) also contracted the disease has lent further ground to the theory of the disease being transmitted to human beings through infected bovine tissue.
Symptoms:
Although both are forms of TSE, the effects of mad cow disease are different from those of classic CJD. In case of classic CJD, dementia and neurological degradation make an early appearance whereas, the effects of mad cow disease start with psychiatric or behavioural problems like depression and anxiety. As the disease progresses, neurological signs like unsteadiness, difficulty in walking, involuntary, jerky movements appear. Towards the end, an individual loses control over his mental and physical functions completely and dies. BSE has longer illness duration of 13 - 14 months as opposed to 4 - 5 months in the case of classic CJD. The average age of death in case of classic CJD is 68 years, whereas in case of BSE, it is only 28 years.

Diagnosis of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease
Only a brain biopsy, which can be done after the death of an infected individual, can confirm BSE. Unless the clinical symptoms have surfaced, there are no definitive diagnostic tests that can confirm mad cow disease in human beings. However, magnetic resonance scans, tonsillar biopsy, and cerebrospinal fluid tests are some diagnostic tests that healthcare professionals rely on, in case the disease has been suspected in individuals.
Treatments:
There is no cure for this disease. Doctors concentrate on reducing pain and alleviating the symptoms. For preventive measures, WHO recommends strict regulation of meat and meat products from animals that show signs of TSE. The international body also suggests that pharmaceutical industries should avoid making vaccines using materials from animals that can be infected with prions.

Be it the CJD or the mad cow disease, the problem is its unusually long incubation period that makes it difficult to trace the source from which the disease was contracted. Mad cow disease in humans is a relatively new disease and researchers are trying to gain more insight into the cause and ways to prevent the disease.
creutzfeldt-jakob disease, causes of creutzfeldt-jakob disease, symptoms of creutzfeldt-jakob disease, diagnosis of creutzfeldt-jakob disease, treatment of creutzfeldt-jakob disease, mad cow disease, creutzfeldt-jakob disease causes, creutzfeldt-jakob disease symptoms, creutzfeldt-jakob disease diagnosis, creutzfeldt-jakob disease treatment
Read latest diseases...
what is Necrotizing Fasciitis, causes of Necrotizing Fasciitis, treatment of Necrotizing Fasciitis,Necrotizing Fasciitis, causes of Necrotizing Fasciitis, symptoms of Necrotizing Fasciitis, diagnosis of Necrotizing Fasciitis, treatment of Necrotizing Fasciitis, Necrotizing Fasciitis causes, Necrotizing Fasciitis symptoms, Necrotizing Fasciitis diagnosis, Necrotizing Fasciitis treatment, bacterial skin infection, dermatologistNecrotizing Fasciitis..Read More
treatment of Lichen planus, what is Lichen planus, why Lichen planus happens,Lichen Planus, causes of Lichen Planus, symptoms of Lichen Planus, diagnosis of Lichen Planus, treatment of Lichen Planus, Lichen Planus causes, Lichen Planus symptoms, Lichen Planus diagnosis, Lichen Planus treatment, skin rash, dermatologist, chronic skin rashLichen Planus..Read More
what is Hypohidrosis, treatment of Hypohidrosis,  causes of Hypohidrosis,Hypohidrosis, absent sweating, causes of Hypohidrosis, symptoms of Hypohidrosis, diagnosis of Hypohidrosis, treatment of Hypohidrosis, Hypohidrosis causes, Hypohidrosis symptoms, Hypohidrosis diagnosis, Hypohidrosis treatment, dermatologistHypohidrosis..Read More
what is Cutis Laxa, symptoms of Cutis Laxa, treatment of Cutis Laxa,Cutis Laxa, causes of Cutis Laxa, symptoms of Cutis Laxa, diagnosis of Cutis Laxa, treatment of Cutis Laxa, prevention of Cutis Laxa, Cutis Laxa causes, Cutis Laxa symptoms, Cutis Laxa diagnosis, Cutis Laxa treatment, Cutis Laxa prevention, skin disorder, dermatologistCutis Laxa..Read More
how to avoid Measles, causes of Measles, treatment of Measles, vaccine for Measles,Measles, causes of Measles, symptoms of Measles, complications of Measles, treatment of Measles, Measles causes, Measles symptoms, Measles complications, Measles treatment, viral infection, rubeola virusMeasles..Read More
what is Lupus, causes of Lupus, treatment of Lupus, symptoms of Lupus,Lupus, symptoms of Lupus, causes of Lupus, diagnosis of Lupus, treatment of Lupus, Lupus causes, Lupus symptoms, Lupus diagnosis, Lupus treatment, autoimmune diseaseLupus..Read More
Search Doctors by Speciality
Best Pediatrician in Delhi
Best Dentist in Delhi
Best Psychiatrist in Delhi
Best Neurologist in Delhi
Best Oncologist in Delhi
Best Acupuncturist in Delhi
Best Chest & Allergy in Delhi
Best Diabetologist in Delhi
Best Physiotherapist in Delhi
Best Gynecologist in Delhi
Best Cardiologist in Delhi
Best Pulmonologist in Delhi
Best Dermatologist in Delhi
Best Dietician in Delhi
Best Endocrinologist in Delhi
Best Nephrologist in Delhi
Best Orthopaedic in Delhi
Best Psychologist in Delhi
Best Homeopathy in Delhi
Best Urologist in Delhi
Best Ayurvedic in Delhi
Best Nutritionist in Delhi
Best Orthopaedic Surgeon in Delhi
Best Plastic-Cosmetic Surgeon in Delhi
Best General Physician in Delhi
Best General Surgeon in Delhi
Best Ear Nose Throat (ENT) in Delhi
Best Gastroenterologist in Delhi
Best Laparoscopic Surgeon in Delhi
Best Ophthalmologist in Delhi
Best General Practitioner in Delhi
Best Dermatologist in Mumbai
Best Dentist in Mumbai
Best Ear Nose Throat (ENT) in Bangalore
Best Gastroenterologist in Bangalore
Best Gynecologist in Noida
Best General Physician in Noida
Best Pediatrician in Noida
Best Plastic Cosmetic Surgeon in Noida
Best Dermatologist in Pune
Best Gynecologist in Navi Mumbai
Best Pediatrician in Bangalore
Best Ophthalmologist in Bangalore
Best Dentist in Gurgaon
Best General Physician in Gurgaon
Best General Practitioner in Gurgaon
Best Ear Nose Throat (ENT) in Gurgaon
Best Gynecologist in Mumbai
Best Gynecologist in Thane
Best Dermatologist in Bangalore
Best Pediatrician in Mumbai
Best Physiotherapist in Faridabad
Best Orthopaedic in Faridabad
Best Dentist in Faridabad
Best Ophthalmologist in Faridabad
Best Gynecologist in Pune
Best Orthopaedic Surgeon in Mumbai
Best General Practitioner in Bangalore
Best Ear Nose Throat (ENT) in Mumbai
Best Orthopaedic Surgeon in Faridabad
Book Diagnostics Tests Delhi/NCR
Book Health Packages Delhi/NCR
Company
About Us
Press Releases
Terms of Use
Disclaimer
Privacy Policy
Sitemap
Home
Our Services
DocPractice™ Premium
Health Card
Hospital SignUp
Book Diagnostics Tests Delhi/NCR
Book Health Packages Delhi/NCR
Hospital listing
Diagnostic center
Corporates
Support
Contact us
Ecommerce Flow / Incorporated
Read Articles
Learn About Diseases
Learn About Diagnostic Tests
Learn About Generic Drugs
Tutorials
Videos
Social media
Follow us
Lazoi on Facebook Lazoi on Twitter Lazoi on Google Plus Lazoi on BlogSpot
Make online secure payment using


MasterCard  VISA  NetBanking 
Copyright © 2017 Lazoi Lifecare™ Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved. Website Version 4.1.0