Anaplasmosis is basically a tickborne disease that is caused by bacteria called Anaplasma phagocytophilum. This disease is spread via the bite of an infected blacklegged tick, the same tick that transfers Lyme disease, babesiosis, Borrelia miyamotoi and Powassan virus. There is a possibility of Anaplasma phagocytophilium to be transferred through blood transfusions.
Anaplasmosis is known to be the second most commonly reported tickborne disease. In the last 5 years, the number of reported cases of anaplasmosis has increased substantially.
The best way to stay safe from anaplasmosis is to prevent tick bites. If you find a tick on your body, extract it quickly to lower down the risk of contracting anaplasmosis. See a doctor if you do get sick. Anaplasmosis is curable but it can also be a serious, and sometimes fatal, disease.
Diagnosis of Anaplasmosis
The diagnosis of anaplasmosis can only be made by a specialized doctor. The main signs and symptoms of anaplasmosis can be either non-specific or differentiate from person-to-person, making diagnosis difficult, though blood tests can be helpful.
Symptoms of Anaplasmosis
Generally the symptoms of anaplasmosis begin 5 to 21 days after a tick bite and can include:
- Muscle pain
Not like Lyme disease, anaplasmosis does not commonly cause a rash. In fact, only 10% of people suffering with anaplasmosis report of having a rash. The most common symptoms of the disease include fever, malaise, muscle aches and headaches.
People who are suffering with anaplasmosis may also have chances to develop anemia, low white blood cell counts, low platelet counts, and elevated liver enzymes.
Anaplasmosis can be a severe illness. There is an estimate of 36% of cases in which is hospitalized for their illness. And if not treated correctly, anaplasmosis can be fatal.
Treatment of Anaplasmosis
Antibiotics can be chosen for the treatment of anaplasmosis. Early treatment of anaplasmosis is important for avoiding more severe complications from anaplasmosis.