• Test Code - PL0028
  • Test Name - Uric Acid
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Test Details & Preparation

  • The uric acid blood test is used to detect high levels of this compound in the blood in order to help diagnose gout.

  • The uric acid blood test also used to monitor uric acid levels in people undergoing chemotherapy or radiation treatment for cancer.

  • The uric acid urine test is used to help diagnose the cause of recurrent kidney stones and to monitor people with gout for stone formation.

  • The uric acid blood test is ordered when a doctor suspects that someone has a high uric acid level.

  • A blood sample is obtained by inserting a needle into a vein in the arm. A 24-hour urine sample may be collected for the urine uric acid test.

  • No test preparation is required for the uric acid blood test. However, some doctors suggest fasting for 4 or more hours. Discuss with your doctor if you are taking any medications prior to the test.

  • Higher than normal uric acid levels in the blood is called hyperuricemia and can be caused by the over-production of uric acid in the body or the inability of the kidneys to adequately remove enough uric acid from the body.

  • Increased concentrations of uric acid can cause crystals to form in the joints, which can lead to the joint swelling and pain characteristic of gout.

  • Low levels of uric acid in the blood are seen much less commonly than high levels and are seldom considered cause for concern. Although low values can be associated with some kinds of liver or kidney diseases.

  • High uric acid levels in the urine are seen with gout, multiple myeloma, metastatic cancer, leukaemia, and a diet high in purines.

  • Low urine uric acid levels may be seen with kidney disease, chronic alcohol use, and lead poisoning.

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