Test Details & Preparation
A Pelvic ultrasound scan can detect tumours and other conditions relating to the urinary bladder.
A Pelvic ultrasound scan in males is used to view the bladder and prostate. Indications for this are when the patient suffers from obstructive urinary symptoms e.g. delay in starting to pass urine, poor flow and incomplete emptying of the bladder. It is also indicated in symptoms of urgency where the patient has to rush to the toilet.
Amongst other conditions, ultrasound can detect enlargement of the prostate (benign prostatic hypertrophy) and tumours. 20 minutes is required to complete the examination.
The Sonographer will move a probe lubricated with warm gel over your lower abdomen to obtain necessary images. You will be asked to attend with a full bladder, we therefore advise you to drink 2 pints of water prior to your appointment. This is required to allow the Sonographer to view the organs behind the bladder.
Pelvic ultrasound may be used for measurement and evaluation of female pelvic organs. Ultrasound assessment of the pelvis may include size, shape, and position of the uterus and ovaries thickness, echogenicity (darkness or lightness of the image related to the density of the tissue), and presence of fluids or masses in the endometrium, myometrium (uterine muscle tissue), fallopian tubes, or in or near the bladder length and thickness of the cervix changes in bladder shape and more.
A pelvic ultrasound may be used to diagnose and assist in the treatment of abnormalities in the anatomic structure of the uterus, including endometrial conditions masses, cysts, and other types of tumours within the pelvis presence and position of an intrauterine contraceptive device (IUD) postmenopausal bleeding etc.
Drink a minimum of 24 ounces of clear fluid at least one hour before your appointment. Do not empty your bladder until after the exam. Generally, no fasting or sedation is required for a pelvic ultrasound, unless the ultrasound is part of another procedure that requires anaesthesia.