Test Details & Preparation
A magnetic resonance imaging scan is also called an MRI. An MRI uses magnetic fields and radio waves to take pictures of the inside of your body. An MRI of the abdomen and pelvis is done to take pictures of the organs in your abdomen (stomach and torso area) and pelvis (area between and including your hips). An MRI is useful because it shows doctors what tissue is normal, and what tissue is not.
Body organs that can be seen during an MRI of the abdomen and pelvis include stomach, intestines (bowels), liver, gallbladder, pancreas, and spleen. These organs help break down the food you eat and get rid of waste through bowel movements kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra (urinary tract). These organs make urine and allow you to urinate reproductive organs. In men, these organs include the testicles, prostate gland, penis, and scrotum. In women, these organs include the ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus (womb), cervix, and vagina.
If you have signs or symptoms, including abdominal or pelvic pain, or jaundice (yellowing of the whites of the eyes), you may need to have an MRI. Other symptoms may include having a fever (high body temperature), or losing weight without trying to. Symptoms may also include high blood pressure, blood in the urine, and swelling in the abdomen. Women who have painful monthly periods or heavy bleeding may need an MRI. An MRI can show doctors what may be causing your signs or symptoms. The following are other reasons why an MRI of the abdomen and pelvis may be needed: checking for cancer or another illness guiding a procedure or surgery and treatment planning.
Before having an MRI, tell doctors if you have a medical device in your body that contains metal, you have metal in your body, you are pregnant, you are allergic to iodine or dye, you have claustrophobia or you have trouble lying flat or still.