• Test Code - PL0318
  • Test Name - Copper,24 Hours Urine
  • Views - 390 Views
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Test Details & Preparation


  • Copper testing is primarily used to help diagnose Wilson disease, a rare inherited disorder that can lead to excess storage of copper in the liver, brain, and other organs.

  • Less commonly, a copper test may be used to detect copper excess due to another condition, to detect a copper deficiency, or to monitor treatment for one of these conditions.

  • Normally, a total blood copper test is ordered along with a ceruloplasmin level. If the results from these tests are abnormal, then a doctor may order a 24-hour urine copper test to measure copper elimination or a copper test performed on a liver biopsy to evaluate copper storage in the liver.

  • One or more copper tests are ordered along with ceruloplasmin when someone shows signs of Wilson disease, excess copper storage, or copper poisoning. These signs include anaemia, abdominal pain, fatigue, jaundice, behavioural changes, tremors, difficulty walking etc.

  • A blood sample is obtained by inserting a needle into a vein in the arm or a 24-hour urine sample is collected. In certain cases, a doctor performs a liver biopsy.

  • No test preparation is required for copper testing.

  • Abnormal copper results are not diagnostic of a specific condition they indicate the need for further evaluation.

  • Low blood copper concentrations along with increased urine copper levels, low ceruloplasmin levels, and increased hepatic copper are typically seen with Wilson disease.


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