• Test Code - PL0225
  • Test Name - Bone Marrow Aspiration and Biopsy
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Test Details & Preparation


  • Bone marrow aspiration and biopsy are procedures used to evaluate the blood cells within the bone marrow, as well as its structure.

  • Bone marrow aspiration and biopsy are performed along with complete blood count (CBC) and blood smear to provide information about the health of the bone marrow and capability for blood cell production.

  • Bone marrow aspiration and biopsy may be used to help identify the cause of abnormal or immature blood cells present in the blood, as detected by a CBC or a blood smear.

  • Bone marrow aspiration and biopsy may be used to help diagnose cancer originating in the bone marrow, e.g. leukaemia, multiple myeloma.

  • Bone marrow aspiration and biopsy may be used to help diagnose conditions that affect the marrow and its fibrous structure, such as myelofibrosis.

  • Bone marrow aspiration and biopsy may be used to help diagnose a disorder associated with iron storage that may cause stored iron to diminish.

  • Bone marrow aspiration and biopsy is performed by a trained professional. Both types of samples may be collected from the hip bone. Marrow aspirations are sometimes collected from the sternum (breastbone) of adults. In infants, samples may be collected from the tibia (shin bone). Sometimes, a bilateral iliac procedure is performed.

  • No test preparation is required for bone marrow aspiration and biopsy.

  • The reports for bone marrow aspiration and biopsy may include a description of the cells seen or the appearance of the bone marrow environment. Results from a complete blood count (CBC) and blood smear are usually included. Typically, the specialist provides an interpretation of the findings and any other details that might be important in the diagnosis, staging, or treatment of the disease.


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